castle of lykourgos logothetis
Monuments of Samos : The most historical places of the island
The tower was built in 1824 by Lykourgos Logothetis (1772-1850) who was the chief of Samos during the Greek Revolution.
The tower was basically the residence of Logothetis but it was also used for the defense of the rebels against the Turks.
The tower replaced one of the towers of the Byzantine castle which was built in the 7th century and abandoned in 1475, after the Ottoman conquest. Remains of this older castle are still visible around the tower and are presented in a different page in Kastrologos.
The old castle came to life again when Lykourgos Logothetis undertook to fortify the hill of the Castle again, an effort that began in 1824 and was completed in 1827 with the assistance of all the Samians.
The tower was the administrative center of the island and the mansion of Logothetis.
Next to the tower, at the highest point of the hill, the historic church of the Metamorfosis Sotiros (1831 or 1833) was built on the initiative of Logothetis, in commemoration of the victory of the Samians against the Turkish fleet in a naval battle in the straits of Mykali on 1824.
Lycurgus Logothetis (1772 -1850), whose real name was George Paplomatas, had worked as a secretary (logothetist) of the rulers of Moldavia and had been initiated into the Filiki Etaireia. Because of his actions, he was sentenced to death and was proclaimed by the Turks. With the outbreak of the Greek Revolution, he returned to Samos, where the inhabitants (basically the “Carmanioli” faction) welcomed him as savior and proclaimed him political and military leader of the island.
Logothetis lived in the tower as governor of the island until 1834, when he was exiled along with other revolutionaries due to the failure of Samos to join the newly formed Greek state and its subordination to the Hegemony regime. The castle was then occupied by a Turkish guard and the antiquities preserved inside were looted. In 1840 the tower was abandoned and in 1863 it was sold to the Samian State by the son of Lykourgos Logothetis, Alexander.
Source : kastra.eu
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