the alyki wetlands in psili ammos
Wetlands of Samos : Explore island's habitats of rare beauty
The wetland of Alyki is located in the eastern part of the island,
The habitat of Alyki is an important station for many migratory bird species. It is located in the eastern part of the island near the coasts of Micra Asia. The total area of the habitat is 420 acres. of which 350 are the old Alyki and the remaining 70 acres are swamp. Until 1965 the salt mine extracted salt, then it became a habitat and today it has wider ecological significance because it is a rare habitat for the data of the Aegean islands and not only. The importance of the area lies mainly in the large number of birds that visit or breed each year in the habitat. The area has been recognized as a habitat in the list published by EKBY, is included in CORINE and NATURA 2000 and is characterized as a Protection Area in the Spatial Planning of the island.
Every year, in the winter when the lake catches water, many birds, flamingos, mallards, swans, herons, and barbarians gather and enliven the area. In summer the water leaves, the lake dries up and the birds leave.
A total of 127 species of birds have been recorded in the habitat, many of which are classified as rare or endangered.
The mammals of the habitat are hedgehogs, hares, black rats, jackals, ferrets while amphibians and reptiles are represented by green toads, pond frogs, river turtles, Greek turtles, chameleons, water snakes, snakes, etc.
The habitat also includes rudimentary moving dunes.
Apart from its aesthetic value, Alyki has a wider ecological significance because it is a rare habitat for the data of the Aegean islands. The quality and importance of the area lies mainly in the large number of bird species that visit or breed each year in the habitat. The habitat of Alyki is closely connected with the large wetlands of Micra Asia in the Delta of the river Meander and in the Delta of the river Kaustros which are included in the important areas for birds of Turkey and are protected by the legislation of our neighboring state. For this reason, Alyki hosts more birds than many other islands and is an important station for many migratory species. The main threats inside and outside the region come from human activities. Illegal hunting, the increase of waste, the attempt to reduce the area of the habitat with rubble and the effort of tourist development with the construction of new hotel units are dangers for the area.
The area has been recognized as a habitat in the list published by EKBY, is included in CORINE and NATURA 2000 ..
For Alyki, on the initiative of the Prefecture of Samos, a Study has been prepared by the Ornithological Society for the promotion and management of this protected area. The study envisages, among other things, the restoration of the warehouses, the creation of a salt museum and a bird observatory. Following this, the Presidential Decree for its protection is expected to be published in the Government Gazette soon.
Wetlands of samos
Meet the wetlands of Samos - Learn more about habitats and their importance